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No
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President
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Political party
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Schlesinger 1948 poll rank
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Schlesinger 1962 poll rank
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1982 Murray-Blessing survey
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Chicago Tribune 1982 poll rank
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Siena 1982 poll rank
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Siena 1990 poll rank
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Siena 1994 poll rank
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Ridings- McIver 1996 poll rank
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Schlesinger 1996 poll rank
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CSPAN 1999 poll rank
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Wall Street Journal 2000 poll rank
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Siena 2002 poll rank
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Wall Street Journal 2005 poll rank
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Times 2008 poll rank
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CSPAN 2009 poll rank
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Siena 2010 poll rank
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USPC 2011 poll rank
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Aggregate ranking [17]
total
rankings avg
  Total in survey   29 31 36 38 39 40 41 41 39 41 39 42 40 42 42 43 40 43
1 George Washington None 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 3 2 3 1 4 1 2 2 4 3 3 47 2.764706
2 John Adams Federalist 9 10 9 14 (tie) 10 14 12 14 11 16 13 12 13 13 17 17 12 12 202 11.88235
3 Thomas Jefferson Dem-Repub 5 5 4 5 2 3 5 4 4 7 4 5 4 4 7 5 4 4 77 4.529412
4 James Madison Dem-Repub 14 12 14 17 9 8 9 10 17 18 15 9 17 15 20 6 14 13 224 13.17647
5 James Monroe Dem-Repub 12 18 15 16 15 11 15 13 15 14 16 8 16 21 14 7 13 14 (tie) 239 14.05882
6 John Quincy Adams Dem-Repub 11 13 16 19 17 16 17 18 18 19 20 17 25 16 19 19 20 18 300 17.64706
7 Andrew Jackson Democratic 6 6 7 6 13 9 11 8 5 13 6 13 10 14 13 14 9 08 (tie) 163 9.588235
8 Martin Van Buren Democratic 15 17 20 18 21 21 22 21 21 30 23 24 27 40 31 23 27 24 401 23.58824
9 William Henry Harrison Whig       38 26 35 28 35   37   36   39 39 35   38 (tie) 348 20.47059
10 John Tyler Whig 22 25 28 29 34 33 34 34 32 36 34 37 35 31 35 37 37 36 553 32.52941
11 James K. Polk Democratic 10 8 12 11 12 13 14 11 9 12 10 11 9 9 12 12 16 10 191 11.23529
12 Zachary Taylor Whig 25 24 27 28 29 34 33 29 29 28 31 34 33 28 29 33 33 35 507 29.82353
13 Millard Fillmore Whig 24 26 29 31 32 32 35 36 31 35 35 38 36 33 37 38 35 38 (tie) 563 33.11765
14 Franklin Pierce Democratic 27 28 31 35 35 36 37 37 33 39 37 39 38 41 40 40 39 40 612 36
15 James Buchanan Democratic 26 29 33 36 37 38 39 40 38 41 39 41 40 42 42 42 40 42 643 37.82353
16 Abraham Lincoln Republican/National Union 1 1 1 1 3 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 3 2 1 27 1.588235
17 Andrew Johnson Democratic/National Union 19 23 32 32 38 39 40 39 37 40 36 42 37 24 41 43 36 41 598 35.17647
18 Ulysses S. Grant Republican 28 30 35 30 36 37 38 38 34 33 32 35 29 18 23 26 29 37 531 31.23529
19 Rutherford B. Hayes Republican 13 14 22 22 22 23 24 25 23 26 22 27 24 27 33 31 30 25 408 24
20 James A. Garfield Republican       33 25 30 26 30   29   33   34 28 27   29 (tie) 295 17.35294
21 Chester A. Arthur Republican 17 21 26 24 24 26 27 28 26 32 26 30 26 22 32 25 32 28 444 26.11765
22/24 Grover Cleveland Democratic 8 11 17 13 18 17 19 16 13 17 12 20 12 19 21 20 21 19 274 16.11765
23 Benjamin Harrison Republican 21 20 23 25 31 29 30 31 19 31 27 32 30 30 30 34 34 33 477 28.05882
25 William McKinley Republican 18 15 18 10 19 19 18 17 16 15 14 19 14 17 16 21 17 20 (tie) 283 16.64706
26 Theodore Roosevelt Republican 7 7 5 4 5 5 3 5 6 4 5 3 5 5 4 2 5 5 80 4.705882
27 William Howard Taft Republican 16 16 19 20 20 20 21 20 22 24 19 21 20 29 24 24 25 22 (tie) 360 21.17647
28 Woodrow Wilson Democratic 4 4 6 7 6 6 6 6 7 6 11 6 11 10 9 8 6 6 119 7
29 Warren G. Harding Republican 29 31 36 37 39 40 41 41 39 38 37 40 39 35 38 41 38 43 639 37.58824
30 Calvin Coolidge Republican 23 27 30 27 30 31 36 33 30 27 25 29 23 26 26 29 28 31 480 28.23529
31 Herbert Hoover Republican 20 19 21 21 27 28 29 24 35 34 29 31 31 36 34 36 26 29 (tie) 481 28.29412
32 Franklin D. Roosevelt Democratic 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 2 3 2 3 1 3 3 3 1 1 2 35 2.058824
33 Harry S. Truman Democratic   9 8 8 7 7 7 7 8 5 7 7 7 7 5 9 7 7 115 6.764706
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower Republican   22 11 9 11 12 8 9 10 9 9 10 8 6 8 10 10 08 (tie) 162 9.529412
35 John F. Kennedy Democratic     13 14 (tie) 8 10 10 15 12 8 18 14 15 11 6 11 15 11 166 9.764706
36 Lyndon B. Johnson Democratic     10 12 14 15 13 12 14 10 17 15 18 12 11 16 11 14 (tie) 200 11.76471
37 Richard Nixon Republican     34 34 28 25 23 32 36 25 33 26 32 38 27 30 23 32 446 26.23529
38 Gerald Ford Republican     24 23 23 27 32 27 28 23 28 28 28 25 22 28 24 26 390 22.94118
39 Jimmy Carter Democratic     25 26 33 24 25 19 27 22 30 25 34 32 25 32 18 27 397 23.35294
40 Ronald Reagan Republican         16 * 22 20 26 25 11 8 16 6 8 10 18 8 17 178 10.47059
41 George H. W. Bush Republican           18 * 31 22 24 20 21 22 21 20 18 22 22 22 (tie) 243 14.29412
42 Bill Clinton Democratic             16 * 23 * 20 * 21 * 24 * 18 22 23 15 13 19 20 (tie) 110 6.470588
43 George W. Bush Republican                       23 * 19 * 37 * 36 39 31 34 106 6.235294
44 Barack Obama Democratic                               15 *   14 (tie) * 0 0
* Ranking calculated before President had completed his term in office
Because Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms as both the 22nd and 24th President, the total number of Presidents in each poll is at least one less than the number of the most recently serving President in the poll. Because of their short time in office, Presidents William Henry Harrison and James Garfield are sometimes omitted from these polls.
More than 1,000 people[vague] have participated in the surveys. The issue of the validity of the rankings has been of special interest to historians and political scientists, who have tried to specify the relative importance of personality, leadership, issues and partisanship. Quantitative ranking by groups of scholars has been in favor in recent decades, displacing the traditional methods of evaluation by individual writers as typified by Bailey (1966) and most biographers.[c